108 is reached by multiplying the senses smell, touch, taste, hearing, sight, and consciousness by whether they are painful, pleasant or neutral, and then again by whether these are internally generated or externally occurring, and by past, present and future, all adding up to 108 feelings. 6 × 3 × 2 × 3 = 108.
In Buddhism the number is reached by multiplying the senses smell, touch, taste, hearing, sight, and consciousness by whether they are painful, pleasant or neutral, and then again by whether these are internally generated or externally occurring, and yet again by past, present and future, finally we get 108 feelings. 6 × 3 × 2 × 3 = 108.
In Tibetan Buddhism malas/rosaries are usually 108 beads reflecting the words of the Buddha in 108 volumes.
Zen priests wear juzu (a ring of prayer beads) around their wrists, which consists of 108 beads.
In the Lankavatara Sutra the Bodhisattva Mahamati asks Buddha 108 questions.
In Japan, at the end of the year, a bell is chimed 108 times in Buddhist temples to finish the old year and welcome the new one. Each ring represents one of 108 earthly temptations that must overcome to achieve nirvana.
The individual digits comprising 108: 1, 0, and 8 represent one thing, nothing, and everything (infinity), representing the belief of the ultimate reality of the universe as being (paradoxically) simultaneously one, emptiness, and infinite.