Chapter 30 of the AVATAMSAKA SUTRA:
AT THAT TIME the enlightening being Mind King said to the Buddha, "World Honored One, the buddhas speak of incalculable, measureless, boundless, incomparable, innumerable, unaccountable, unthinkable, immeasurable, unspeakable, untold numbers—what are these?”
The Buddha said, "It is good that you ask the Buddha, the Truly Enlightened One, in order to have the beings of the world penetrate the meaning of the numbers known to the Buddha. Listen carefully and think well about this; I will explain for you."
Then the enlightening being Mind King willingly received the teaching. The Buddha said, "Ten to the tenth power times ten to the tenth power equals ten to the twentieth power; ten to the twentieth power times ten to the twentieth power equals ten to the fortieth power; ten to the fortieth power times ten to the fortieth power equals ten to the eightieth power; ten to the eightieth power times ten to the eightieth power equals ten to the power of 160; ten to the power of 160 squared equals ten to the power of 320; ten to the power of 320 squared equals ten to the power of 640; ten to the power of 640 squared equals ten to the power of 1,280; ten to the power of 1,280 squared equals ten to the power of 2,560; that squared equals ten to the power of 5,120; that squared equals ten to the power of 10,240; that squared equals ten to the power of 20,480; that squared is ten to the power of 40,960; that squared is ten to the power of 81,920; that squared is ten to the power of 163,840; that squared is ten to the power of 327,680; that squared is ten to the power of 655,360; that squared is ten to the power of 1,311,720; that squared is ten to the power of 2,623,540; that squared is ten to the power of 5,247,080; that squared is ten to the power of 10,494,160; that squared is ten to the power of 20,988,320; that squared is ten to the power of 41,976,640; that squared is ten to the power of 83,953,280; that squared is ten to the power of 167,906,560; that squared is ten to the power of 335,813,120; that squared is ten to the power of 671,626,240; that squared is ten to the power of 1,343,252,480; that squared is ten to the power of 2,686,504,960; that squared is ten to the power of 5,373,009,920; that squared is ten to the power of 10,746,019,840; that squared is ten to the power of 21,492,039,680;889that squared is ten to the power of 42,984,079,360; that squared is ten to the power of 85,968,158,720; that squared is ten to the power of 171,936,317,440; that squared is ten to the power of 343,872,634,880; that squared is ten to the power of 687,745,269,760; that squared is ten to the power of 1,375,490,539,520; that squared is ten to the power of 2,750,981,079,040; that squared is ten to the power of 5,501,962,158,080; that squared is ten to the power of 11,003,924,316,160; that squared is ten to the power of 22,007,848,632,320; that squared is ten to the power of 44,015,697,264,640; that squared is ten to the power of 88,031,394,529,280; that squared is ten to the power of 176,062, 789,058,560; that squared is ten to the power of 352,125,578,117,120; that squared is ten to the power of 704,251,156,234,240; that squared is ten to the power of 1,408,502,302,468,480; that squared is ten to the power of 2,817,004,604,936,960; that squared is ten to the power of 5,634,009,209,893,920; that squared is ten to the power of 11,268,018, 419,747,840; that squared is ten to the power of 22,536,036,839,495,680; that squared is ten to the power of 45,072,073,678,991,360; that squared is ten to the power of 90,144,147,357,982,720; that squared is ten to the power of 180,288,294,715,965,440; that squared is ten to the power of 360,576,589,431,930,880; that squared is ten to the power of 721,153, 178,863,861,760; that squared is ten to the power of 1,442,306,357, 727,723,520; that squared is ten to the power of 2,884,612,715,455, 447,040; that squared is ten to the power of 5,769,225,430,910,894,080; that squared is ten to the power of 11,538,450,861,821,788,160; that squared is ten to the power of 23,076,901,773,643,576,320; that squared is ten to the power of 46,153,803,447,287,152,640; that squared is ten to the power of 92,307,606,894,574,305,280; that squared is ten to the power of 184,615,213,789,148,610,560; that squared is ten to the power of 369,230,427,578,297,221,120; that squared is ten to the power of 738,460,895,156,594,442,240; that squared is ten to the power of 1,476, 921,790,313,188,884,480; that squared is ten to the power of 2,953, 843,580,626,377,768,960; that squared is ten to the power of 5,907, 687,161,252,755,537,920; that squared is ten to the power of 11,815, 374,322,505,511,065,840; that squared is ten to the power of 23,630, 748,645,011,022,131,680; that squared is ten to the power of 42,261, 497,290,022,044,263,360; that squared is ten to the power of 94,522,994, 580,044,088,526,720; that squared is ten to the power of 189,045,989, 160,088,177,053,520; that squared is ten to the power of 378,091,978, 320,176,354,107,040; that squared is ten to the power of 756,183,956, 640,352,708,214,080; that squared is ten to the power of 1,512,367, 913,280,705,416,428,160; that squared is ten to the power of 3,024, 735,826,561,410,832,856,220; that squared is ten to the power of 6,049, 71,653,122,821,665,712,640; that squared is ten to the power of 12, 98,943,306,245,643,331,425,280; that squared is ten to the power of 24,197,886,612,491,286,462,850,560; that squared is ten to the power of 48,395,773,224,982,672,925,701,120; that squared is ten to the power of 96,791,546,449,965,145,831,402,340; that squared is ten to the power of 193,583,092,899,930,291,662,804,480; that squared is ten to the power of 387,166,185,799,860,583,325,608,960; that squared is ten to the power of 774,332,371,599,721,166,651,217,920; that squared is ten to the power of 1,548,664,743,199,442,333,302,635,840; that squared is ten to the power of 3,097,329,486,398,884,666,605,271,680; that squared is ten to the power of 6,194,658,972,797,769,333,210,543,360; that squared is ten to the power of 12,389,317,945,595,538,666,421, 086,720; that squared is ten to the power of 24,778,635,891,191,077, 332,842,173,440; that squared is ten to the power of 49,557,271,782, 382,154,665,686,346,880; that squared is ten of the power of 99,114, 543,564,764,309,331,372,693,760; that squared is ten to the power of 198,229,087,129,528,618,662,745,387,520; that squared is ten to the power of 396,458,174,259,057,237,325,490,775,040; that squared is ten to the power of 792,916,348,518,114,474,650,981,550,080; that squared is ten to the power of 1,585,832,697,036,228,949,301,963,100,160; that squared is ten to the power of 3,171,665,394,072,457,898,603,926,200, 320; that squared is ten to the power of 6,343,330,788,144,915,797, 207,852,400,640; that squared is ten to the power of 12,686,661,576, 289,831,594,415,704,801,280; that squared is ten to the power of 25, 373,323,152,579,663,188,831,409,602,560; that squared is ten to the power of 50,746,646,305,159,326,377,662,819,205,120; that squared is ten to the power of 101,493,292,610,318,652,755,325,638,410,240; that squared is an incalculable; an incalculable to the fourth power is a measureless; a measureless to the fourth power is a boundless; a boundless to the fourth power is an incomparable; an incomparable to the fourth power is an innumerable; an innumerable to the fourth power is an unaccountable; an unaccountable to the fourth power is an unthinkable; an unthinkable to the fourth power is an immeasurable; an immeasurable to the fourth power is an unspeakable; an unspeakable to the fourth power is an untold, which is unspeakably unspeakable; an untold multiplied by itself is a square untold."
Then the Buddha spoke these verses to the enlightening being Mind King:
Fill all unspeakables;
In unspeakable eons
Explanation of the unspeakable cannot be finished.
If untold buddha-lands are reduced to atoms,
In one atom are untold lands,
And as in one,
So in each.
The atoms to which these buddha-lands are reduced in an instant are unspeakable,
And so are the atoms of continuous reduction moment to moment
Going on for untold eons;
These atoms contain lands unspeakably many,
And the atoms in these lands are even harder to tell of.
Counting this way for unspeakable eons,
Using unspeakable numbers,
Counting eons by these atoms,
One atom standing for ten myriad unspeakable numbers of eons,
If you praise a single Universally Good for that many eons,
It would still be impossible to exhaust the amount of virtue of Universal Good.
On a point the size of the tip of a single fine hair
Are unspeakably many Universally Goods;
The same is true of all points
All throughout the cosmos.
The lands on a point the size of a hairtip
Are measureless, unspeakable;
So are the lands on every single point Throughout the whole of space.
The lands on those points
Have innumerable different kinds of abode;
There are untold lands of different kinds,
Untold lands of the same kind.
On untold points of hairtip size
Are untold pure lands,
Their various arrays unspeakable,
Their various wonders unspeakable:
On each point in them
Are recited untold buddha-names,
There being to each and every name
Untold numbers of buddhas.
On the body of each buddha
Appear unspeakably many pores;
In each of these pores They manifest unspeakably many forms.
The unspeakably many pores
Each radiate unspeakably many beams of light;
In each of those beams of light
Appear unspeakably many lotuses;
In each of those lotuses
Are unspeakably many petals;
In each of those petals
Appear unspeakably many forms;
In those untold forms
Also appear untold petals;
In the petals are untold light rays,
In the light rays untold forms;
In each of those untold forms
Appear untold lights;
In the lights appear untold moons,
And the moons also manifest untold moons;
In each of those untold moons
Appear untold beams of light;
In each of those light beams
Also appear untold suns;
In each of those untold suns
Are manifest untold forms;
And in each of those forms again
Are manifest untold rays of light;
In each of those rays of light
Appear untold lion thrones,
Each with untold ornaments,
Each with untold lights,
With untold beautiful forms in the lights,
With untold pure lights in the forms;
In each of those pure lights
Also appear various subtle lights;
These lights also radiate various lights,
Untold, unspeakably many.
In each of these various lights
Appear wondrous jewels like mountains;
The jewels appearing in each light
Are unspeakably many, untold.
One of those mountainlike jewels
Manifests untold lands;
All of the mountainlike jewels
Manifest lands like this.
Reducing one land to atoms,
The forms in each atom are untold;
All of the lands atomized, each atom's forms
Are unspeakably many, untold.
These various forms in atoms
All produce untold lights;
In each light appear untold buddhas.
Untold are each buddha's discourses,
In each discourse are untold sublime verses;
Untold are those who gain understanding on hearing them.
Untold understandings in each mental instant
Reveal unspeakably many truths.
They reveal all future buddhas,
Externally expounding their teachings,
Each buddha's teachings unspeakably many,
With untold purities of all sorts.
Uttering unspeakably many subtle voices,
Turning untold cycles of true teaching,
In each cycle of teaching
Expounding unspeakably many scriptures,
In each scripture
Defining unspeakably many doctrines,
In each of those doctrines
Explaining unspeakably many principles,
With each of those principles
Taming untold sentient beings.
Then again, on a single point
Buddhas may dwell for untold eons,
And as on one point, so on all points,
For the same number of eons,
The nonobstruction of their minds unspeakable,
Emanating unspeakably many buddhas,
Each emanation buddha
Also manifesting untold emanations.
The reality bodies of those buddhas are unspeakably many,
The emanated bodies of those buddhas are unspeakably many,
Their adornments are unspeakably measureless.
They travel infinitely through the ten directions,
Coursing through untold lands,
Observing untold sentient beings,
Purifying untold sentient beings,
Taming untold sentient beings.
Their embellishments are unspeakable,
Their masteries are unspeakable,
Their mystic transformations are unspeakable,
Their spiritual powers are unspeakable, Their spheres are unspeakable,
Their empowerments are unspeakable, The worlds they live in are unspeakable,
Their pure characteristics of reality are unspeakable.
They deliver untold discourses,
In each and every discourse
Expounding untold doctrines,
In each and every doctrine
Explaining untold principles,
Each and every principle
Containing untold definitions,
Each and every definition
Conquering untold beings.
Unspeakable homogeneous principles, unspeakable homogeneous minds,
Unspeakable heterogeneous principles, unspeakable heterogeneous minds,
Unspeakable heterogeneous faculties,
Unspeakable heterogeneous languages— In every mental moment, wherever they go,
They tame unspeakable numbers of beings.
Their occult projections are unspeakable,
Their miraculous displays are unspeakable;
The times and ages therein are unspeakable,
The differentiations therein are unspeakable.
Enlightening beings can explain them in particular,
While mathematicians cannot comprehend them;
The great and small lands on a point,
Polluted, pure, gross, and subtle,
All of them unspeakably many,
Enlightening beings comprehend and can distinguish.
Reducing a land to atoms,
Those atoms are measureless, untold;
Boundless lands, as many as these atoms,
Are gathered on a single hairtip.
These lands, unspeakable,
Are together on a hairtip without crowding;
Without causing the hairtip to expand,
Those lands all gather there. The lands therein
Retain their original form, without mixup;
Just as one land does not disorder the others,
The same is true of all lands.
The realms in space, without bound,
All are arrayed on a hairtip;
These lands on a hairtip
Enlightening beings can tell of in an instant.
Into a minute pore
Untold lands enter in succession;
The pore can admit those lands,
But those lands cannot fill the pore.
The number of eons of their entry is unspeakable,
The number of eons of their admission is unspeakable;
The durations of their procession, array, and abiding
Are all unspeakable eons.
Thus having taken in and settled these lands,
Enlightening beings' spheres are unspeakable;
Their devices during entry are unspeakable,
Their deeds after entry are unspeakable.
The clear comprehensions of their cognitive faculties are unspeakable,
Their journeys in all directions are unspeakable,
Their vigorous endeavors are unspeakable,
Their autonomous mystic transfigurations are unspeakable.
Their meditations are unspeakable.
Their great vows are unspeakable,
Their spheres of action are unspeakable,
All their attainments are unspeakable.
The purities of their physical actions are unspeakable,
The purities of their verbal actions are unspeakable,
The purities of their mental actions are unspeakable,
The purities of their resolutions are unspeakable.
The purities of their subtle knowledge are unspeakable,
The purities of their sublime wisdom are unspeakable,
Their perceptions of reality are unspeakable,
Their cessations of doubts are unspeakable.
Their escapes from birth and death are unspeakable,
Their ascents to the absolute state are unspeakable,
Their deep concentrations are unspeakable,
Their total comprehensions are unspeakable.
All sentient beings are unspeakable,
All buddha-lands are unspeakable,
Knowledge of sentient beings' forms is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their dispositions is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their deeds and the results is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their intellects is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their embodiments is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their types is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their species is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their birthplaces is unspeakable,
Knowledge of when they are born is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their having been born is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their understandings is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their tendencies is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their languages is unspeakable,
Knowledge of their works is unspeakable,
Enlightening beings with great compassion
Benefit all worldly beings,
Manifesting untold bodies everywhere,
Entering untold buddha-lands,
Seeing untold enlightening beings,
Developing untold knowledges,
Seeking untold teachings,
Broadcasting untold lessons of buddhas.
They manifest untold various bodies,
Traveling to untold lands,
Showing untold spiritual powers,
Pervading untold regions,
Emanating untold bodies in each place,
Approaching untold buddhas,
Making untold offerings
Of untold infinite varieties,
Untold pure clear jewels,
Untold beautiful lotus blossoms,
Untold garlands of the finest scent,
Offering them to untold enlightened ones,
Their pure faith untold,
Supreme resolution untold,
Powerful aspiration untold,
Honoring untold buddhas.
They practice untold generosity.
Their minds in the untold past
Giving to all who seek, untold,
Giving all, untold times.
The purities of their self-control are untold;
The purities of their minds are untold;
They eulogize untold buddhas,
Delight in untold truths.
They accomplish untold forbearances,
Their acceptance of nonorigination untold;
They embody untold tranquillities,
Dwelling in untold states of peace.
They exude untold energy,
Their past determinations untold,
Their irreversible aspiration untold,
Their immutable wills untold.
Their treasuries of all concentrations are untold;
They examine untold phenomena and principles,
Stilled in untold concentrations,
Mastering untold meditations.
Their attainments of wisdom are untold,
Their freedoms in concentration are untold,
Their comprehensions of things are untold,
Their clear visions of buddhas are untold.
They cultivate measureless, untold practices,
Undertake untold far-reaching vows;
Their profound spheres are untold,
Their pure means of teaching are untold.
The power of enlightening beings' ways is unspeakable,
The stations of enlightening beings' ways are unspeakable,
Their right recollection is unspeakable,
Their realms of principle and fact are unspeakable
They cultivate unspeakably many means of enlightenment,
They study unspeakably many profound sciences;
Their immeasurable wisdom is unspeakable,
Their ultimate wisdom is unspeakable.
Their knowledge of things is unspeakable,
Their pure cycles of teaching are unspeakable,
Their great clouds of teachings are unspeakable,
Their great rain of teaching is unspeakable.
Their spiritual powers are unspeakably many,
Their techniques are unspeakably many,
Their knowledge of empty quiescence is unspeakable,
The continuity of mental instants is unspeakable.
Their measureless practices are unspeakable,
Their constancy instant to instant is unspeakable;
The oceans of buddha-lands are untold,
They can go to them all, unspeakably.
The differences in the lands are untold,
Their various purities are untold,
Their different adornments are untold,
Their boundless forms are untold.
Their various arrays are untold,
various refinements are untold;
Pure buddha-lands are unspeakably many,
Polluted buddha-lands are unspeakably many.
Knowing sentient beings is unspeakable,
Knowing their natures is unspeakable,
Knowing their deeds and rewards is unspeakable,
Knowing their mentalities is unspeakable.
Knowing beings' characters is unspeakable,
Knowing their understandings and inclinations is unspeakable;
Their defilement and purity are unspeakable,
Observing and civilizing them are unspeakable.
Transforming powers are unspeakable;
Manifesting various bodies, untold,
Cultivating untold energy,
Enlightening beings liberate untold sentient beings.
They manifest untold mystic transfigurations,
Emanate untold great beams of light,
With untold various forms,
And purify untold sentient beings.
Each of their pores, untold,
Radiate webs of light, untold,
The webs of light manifesting untold hues,
Illumining untold buddha-lands.
Their courage and fearlessness are untold,
Their technical skills are untold,
Taming untold sentient beings,
Emancipating them from birth and death.
Their pure deeds are untold,
Their pure words are untold,
Their boundless thoughts are untold,
Their sublime practices are untold.
They develop untold jewels of knowledge,
And enter untold realms of reality.
Enlightening beings' mnemonic powers are unutterable,
They are able to learn inexplicably.
The voices of the wise are untold,
The purity of their voices is unspeakable;
Their accurate awareness of reality is untold,
Their awakening of sentient beings is untold.
They embody untold dignified bearing;
Their pure actions are untold.
They achieve untold expertise
And educate untold worldlings.
The offspring of buddhas are unspeakably many
And so are their pure, excellent acts.
They eulogize untold buddhas,
Their praises inexhaustible, beyond telling.
The guides of the world are unspeakably many;
So are their expositions and descriptions.
Those enlightening beings are unspeakably many,
Their pure virtues untold.
Their spheres are unutterable,
They can remain there indefinitely,
Their knowledge therein untold;
live through all ages, which none can ever tell.
They are gladdened by untold buddhas,
Their wisdom and equanimity are beyond speech;
They penetrate untold truths,
With untold freedom from obstruction amid phenomena.
Past, present, and future being like space, unspeakable,
Their knowledge of all times is untold;
Their comprehension of past, present, and future unutterable,
They dwell in knowledge beyond speech.
Their superlative actions are untold,
Their measureless vows are untold,
Their pure great vows are untold,
They accomplish ineffable enlightenment.
The enlightenment of the buddhas is inexpressible;
They develop untold knowledge,
Discern untold principles,
Know all laws,
Beautify untold buddha-lands,
And cultivate untold powers.
They cultivate practice for an unutterably long time,
And are ineffably enlightened in a single instant.
The buddhas' freedoms are unspeakable,
Their extensive explanations of truth cannot be recounted
Their various spiritual powers are inexplicable,
They appear in untold worlds;
Their cycles of pure teaching are ineffable,
Their courageous ability to teach unspeakable,
Their various expositions unutterable,
Their compassion for the world cannot be told.
Through all eons, unspeakably many,
They praise untold merits and virtues;
While unspeakable eons may end,
Those untold virtues cannot be exhausted.
Untold enlightened ones
With untold tongues
Praise the untold virtues of buddhas,
Impossible to exhaust in untold eons.
The living beings in the ten directions
All attain enlightenment at once;
Therein one buddha can manifest to all
Each of these untold bodies
Manifesting untold heads,
Each of these untold heads
Manifesting untold tongues,
Each of the untold tongues
Manifesting untold voices,
Each of the untold voices
Remaining for untold eons.
As is one, so are all buddhas;
As one body, so all bodies;
As one head, so all heads;
As one tongue, so all tongues;
As one voice, so all voices,
Ever praising the enlightened for untold eons;
The untold eons may end,
But praise of enlightened virtues cannot be exhausted.
In a single atom there can be
Untold lotus worlds;
In each lotus world
Are untold Chief of Goodness Buddhas,
Pervading the entire cosmos
And every atom therein.
Worlds, becoming, subsisting, and decaying,
Are measureless, unspeakable in number;
The point of a single atom is boundless,
Containing measureless lands therein.
The differentiations of the ten directions are unutterable,
The arrays of the oceans of worlds cannot be all told of;
In each land are buddhas With life spans of unspeakable eons.
Those buddhas' deeds cannot be recounted,
Their profound teachings are unutterable,
Their great spiritual powers are ineffable,
Their unimpeded knowledge is inexpressible.
They enter into a point,
The events at that point untold;
They achieve the ten powers, unspeakable,
And awaken to ineffable enlightenment.
Entering untold realms of pure principle,
They gain untold treasuries of deep knowledge:
Various numerical measurements, untold,
They comprehend, all, as they are;
Various physical measurements, untold,
They completely master;
Various concentrations, untold,
They can pass eons in, each one.
In the presence of untold buddhas,
The purifications they practice are untold;
They attain unutterable mental freedoms
And journey in all directions, beyond the power of speech.
The manifestations of their spiritual powers are untold,
Their spheres of action are boundless, ineffable;
They go to untold lands And understand untold buddhas.
Their vigor and courage are unspeakable,
Their knowledge and comprehension unutterable.
They do not act on rules, nor do they not act on them,
Their penetration of realms of objects is infinite.
For unreckonable vast eons
They travel constantly through the ten directions, infinitely.
Their knowledge of enlightening means is infinite,
Their knowledge of truth is infinite,
Their knowledge of spiritual powers is infinite,
Their miracles in each mental instant are infinite.
They comprehend infinitely each one Of the infinite buddhas' teachings;
They can realize enlightenment at once
Or can enter realization at various times.
The buddha-lands on a hairtip are infinite,
The buddha-lands in an atom are infinite;
They can go to all these buddha-lands
And see the infinite buddhas.
They realize one truth infinitely,
And enter the infinite line of buddhas.
The buddhas' lands are infinite—
They can travel to all and attain enlightenment.
The lands, beings, and buddhas
Have infinite distinctions in individuality;
As such, past, present, and future worlds are boundless:
Enlightening beings can see them all.